Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic arrangements. MR. Beidelman’s problem is to determine the locus of power within the jajmani system in order that it may throw light on the controversial question of whether. 7 Nov The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term.

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In the jajmani system, the high caste landowning families are rendered services and products by the lower castes. These relations are supposed to continue from one generation to the next, and payment is normally made in the form of a fixed share in the harvest rather than in cash.

Jajmani system

It is a permanent relationship, which is caste-oriented. You must be logged in to post a comment. In Gujarat Jajmani was studied by steel in The jajman also has the power to take the lands granted to the kamin, if he does not perform his services. This relationship is sjstem purely economical but it is sentimental and internal. In rural India Jajmani system is very much linked with caste system.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the jajmni. The first detailed study of Jajmani tradition in India was made by William H. In jajmani system, the cultural values of generosity and charity are religious obligations.

So this system creates an atmosphere of peaceful living by creating the spirit of fellow-feeling and co-operation.


They are sometimes exploited and abused by the JaJmans. This is a system which is based on the sense of high and low. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Read this article to learn about the meaning, definition, advantages and disadvantages of Jajmani system in India.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Majumdar found in his study that the conditions of kamins are miserable and the upper castes subject them to great harassment and trouble. The kamin castes are expected jwjmani render their services to jajman castes, for which the kamins are paid in cash or kind at fixed intervals. Jajmani in Tanjore was studied by though in Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another.

The kamins are assured of their economic security. In Jajmani system, at the centre is the family of agriculturists, the zamindars. The agricultural castes, which are invariably upper castes, seek the services of the occupational castes, which Eire generally lower castes.

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

The jajman has to fulfill all the needs of his kamins, and the kamin has to support his jajman during disputes.

Because it has made easy for the kamins to seek job or other occupation outside their village. This system is hereditary, so there is no possibility of changing the occupation.

Like the caste system, jajmnai system has become a source of suppression, exploitation and discrimination. Cultivators also prefer to buy articles for their daily needs, from the market, by paying cash.


Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

As most of the village economic institutions are undergoing change, such changes are also affecting the inter-caste relationships. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: This made the kamins to leave their caste occupations and migrate to urban areas. The Jajmani system is based on the agricultural system of production and distribution of goods and services.

jajmani system | Characteristics & Facts |

Democracy, literally, rule by the people. While the landowning high caste families receive services from lower castes and, in return, the members of low castes receive grains. Tribes, States, and the Global System; Page ; https: The exchange of services is not based on money but on barter system.

They extend all possible help to the kamins. They also make groups in which the lower division is bound to work for their superior people for food or financial expenses. Due to rapid expansion of transport and communication, the system is in a decline.

According to Vidya Bhushan and Sachdeva, some of the important features of jajm- ani system are as follows: Contact our editors with your feedback. The system has two institutional connotations—religious and economic. In the 19th century, a Hindu faced excommunication for going abroad, where it was presumed he would be forced to break caste….