*Please Note: The information outlined above is to be used as reference for ASTM D Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property – Adhesion to Rigid. ASTM D determines the adhesion strength of rubber to rigid materials, such as metals. The standard requires that the testing machine conform to practices. 9 Sep This standard is issued under the fixed designation D ; the 1 These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D11 on.

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Next, take the assembly out of the oven and take it apart to create six test specimens. Loads as high at 10, pounds can be common. Next, the test pieces should be pre-strained by pulling in a test machine to just above the desired pre-strain and inserting a nylon block between the central metal plates to maintain the prescribed prestrain.

We also recommend serrated jaws on your grips to avoid sample slipping. Test Method D helps determine the adhesive strength of rubber-to-metal bonding agents when the bond is formed after the rubber has been vulcanized.

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Case Studies

Test Method A helps determine the static adhesion strength of rubber to metal. The handles are d4429 from stainless steel a chromium – nickel austenitic alloy and contain integral support pins. Subscribe to Instron News! The test d42 an orthogonal tensile test where the puck is pulled apart in tension. This test is often used to find which adhesive is best for the given rubber. Next, place the specimen in the jaws attached to the fixed grip with the separating edge toward the operator.

To begin testing, place the test specimen in the jaws attached to the fixed grip with the separating edge toward the operator. Once the samples have cooled, clamp the bonded assembly to the tension testing machine using tensile grips.

ASTM D Specimen Molds, Grips, & Fixtures

Bluehill Universal Software is built from the ground-up for touch interaction and an intuitive user experience. The specimen for this method should asrm a strip of rubber 6. Samples for Method A are cylinder assemblies consisting of a cylinder of rubber 3. XyLive is the best choice to enable the test engineer to visually monitor the progress of the test vs the data on the computer screen.


The grips for holding the specimen in the testing machine depend on the type of specimen. Once the test is complete, you will want to record the force vs displacement. The value of interest is the “Adhesion Strength” defined as the maximum force divided by the width of the specimen.

Mount the vulcanized standard test specimen in the tensile testing machine using care in centering and adjustment so that the tension shall be uniformly distributed. Large triangular pry slots are located at the corners, opposite the cam-action hinges. Place the tab in the grip and apply a steady load at the rate of 50 mm 2. Users of previous versions of software such as Bluehill 2 and Bluehill 3 can easily upgrade to the newest version of Bluehill.

Clamp force up to 1. Record the total force at the time of failure. Each specimen will consist of a rubber puck with 2 pieces of metal.

NOTE-1 handles and hinges are asym offered in all D designs. Data from this test will be a typical tensile force plot force vs displacement. Some of the tests are aimed at shear strength of that adhesion interface.

The test machine should be equipped with swivel joints above and below to ensure uniformly distributed tensile aastm tensile force through the specimen assembly. Forces up to 10 kN 2, lbf Low force tabletop systems Modular series of five frame options with adjustable test space Affordable testing option for tension, compression, atsm, peel and much more.

The middle of the specimen is rubber which bonds the two cones together. The challenges of testing to this standard are: Manual vice grips may also work but must be tightened very d492. Place your specimens in the tensile test machines and pull to failure each test piece which remains sufficiently intact, including those exposed to the chosen environmental conditions and the control test pieces, and record the peak force required to do this.

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This test is almost identical to Method B, except it applies exclusively to the rubber lining of a tank wall. Our Universal Testing Systems meet this specification and provide an appropriate solution for this test application. Prepare the d4299 specimen for this test by vulcanizing it to the metal material of the tank. Adjustable data acquisition rates allow the user to ensure they are capturing all the desired peaks and troughs throughout the entire test.

ASTM D429 – 14

Place the tab in the grip and apply a steady load at a test speed of 50 mm 2. Bluehill Universal Brochure Bluehill Universal Software is built from the ground-up for touch interaction and an intuitive user experience. The metal pieces are made with tabs on the backsides for gripping in the test machine. Maintaining unidirectional force throughout the process of peeling from a substrate.

It is difficult to measure the data correctly and provide consistent results. Works very well with flat, thin specimens Eccentric design increases gripping force with tension. The mold cavities are expertly honed and hand polished, after which the mold is industrial chrome plated. Please confirm that you agree with our privacy and cookies policy to submit this form.

This uneven application of pressure may astj excessive overfill, or cavity voids. This test standard is divided into methods A through H. Next, mount the test specimens in the threaded grips of the tensile test machine.

The data obtained indicate the strength of adhesion along a line across the width of the rubber strip being d49 from a metal plate at a 90 degree angle.

These further facilitate mold opening and reduce the occurrence of cavity damage from improperly positioned tools.